Strabismus is a condition in which the eyes point in different directions from each other. It is commonly referred to as a “crossed eyes” or “wandering eyes” or a “lazy eye.” There are different types of strabismus including eyes that turn in, turn out or turn up or down. In-turning eyes are the most common kind in children. Strabismus may be present early in infancy or may develop later in life, though it is commonly first noted in childhood. Strabismus may be present constantly or only occasionally. The cause for strabismus is often not known, though there are some systemic conditions that may be associated with strabismus.
People with strabismus may note double vision or may not have any visual concerns. Treatment for strabismus depends on the type and may include glasses, prism lenses and/or surgery.
A thorough eye exam is necessary to determine the type of strabismus present and evaluate for any potential loss of vision. Children are especially vulnerable to vision loss from strabismus and should have a prompt eye exam as soon as the strabismus is detected.